**6th grade**

**Reading/Language Arts**

The following for works of literature and informational text.

Key Ideas and Details:

- Text evidence
- Plot
- Theme

Craft and Structure:

- Figurative and connotative meanings
- Point of view development

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas:

- compare/contrast forms and genres interpretations of themes
- compare/contrast experience of reading vs. listening or viewing

Writing

- Claims
- Informative/explanatory texts
- Narratives
- Use the internet to produce writing and interact with others in writing
- Conduct short research projects
- Write routinely over extended time frames

Speaking and Listening

- Engage in collaborative, collegial discussions

Conventions of Standard English

- Demonstrate command of standard written and spoken English
- Determine and/or clarify the meaning of unknown or multiple meaning words
- Use context to determine word meanings
- Use common Greek and Latin affixes and word roots to determine meaning
- Demonstrate understanding of nuances and figurative language
- Determine connotations and denotations
- Acquire and use accurately academic and domain-specific words

Math

6th Grade Math

Topic 1: Variables and Expressions

- Numerical and algebraic expressions
- Writing and evaluating expressions
- Exponents

Topic 2: Equivalent expressions

- Identity and Zero properties
- Associative and commutative properties
- Greatest common factor/least common multiple
- Distributive property

Topic 3: Equations and inequalities

- Expressions & Inequalities
- Solving equations
- Solving Inequalities

Topic 4: Two Variable Relationships

- Using two variables to represent a relationship
- Analyzing patterns
- Tables and graphs

Topic 5: Multiplying Fractions

- Fractions, Mixed numbers, and whole numbers

Topic 6: Dividing Fractions

- Fractions and whole numbers
- Unit fractions by unit fractions
- Mixed numbers

Topic 7: Fluency with Decimals

- Adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing decimals
- Comparing and ordering decimals and fractions

Topic 8: Integers

- Comparing and Ordering integers
- Using a numberline and coordinate
- Absolute value

Topic 9: Rational numbers

- Comparing and ordering rational numbers
- Using a number line and coordinate plane
- Polygons in the coordinate plane

Topic 10: Ratios

- Equivalent ratios
- Ratios as fractions and decimals

Topic 11: Rates

- Unit rates and prices
- Constant speed

Topic 12: Ratio Reasoning

- Plotting ratios and rates
- Proportionality & Percents

Topic 13: Area

- Rectangles, squares, right triangles, parallelograms
- Other triangles and polygons

Topic 14: Surface Area and Volume

- Nets
- Surface areas of prisms and pyramids
- Volumes of rectangular prisms

Topic 15: Data Displays

- Dot plots, histograms, and box plots

Topic 16: Measures of Center and Variation

- Mean, median, and mode
- Interquartile Range
- Mean Absolute Deviation

Science

**Earth Science**

Inside the Earth

- Layers
- Rocks and Minerals

Forces

- Plate Tectonics
- Volcanoes
- Earthquakes

Earth and Moon

- Tides
- Seasons
- Phases/Characteristics of the Moon
- Rotation/Revolution
- Types of Eclipses

Weather

- Layers of the Atmosphere
- Fronts
- Types of Storms
- Cloud Types

Water

- Water Cycle
- Watersheds
- Bodies of water and their properties

Outer Space

- Planets
- Stars
- Asteroids/Comets

Social Studies

Early Humans and the Rise of Civilization

- Early Hominins
- Neolithic and Paleolithic Ages
- Sumerian city-states
- The Mesopotamian Empires

Ancient Egypt and the Middle East

- Geography and the settlements of Egypt, Kush, Canaan
- The Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs
- Daily Life in Ancient Egypt
- Origins of Judaism

Ancient India

- Geography
- Daily life in Mohenjodaro
- Hinduism
- Buddhism
- The Gupta Empire

Ancient China

- Geography
- The Shang Dynasty
- Chinese Philosophies
- Emperor Qin
- The Han Dynasty
- The Silk Road

Ancient Greece *special interactive notebook activity (5 weeks)

- Geography
- The Rise of Democracy
- Athens and Sparta
- The Golden Age of Athens
- Greco-Persian Wars
- Alexander the Great

Ancient Rome

- Geography
- The Roman Republic
- Daily life in the Roman Empire
- Christianity
- Rome’s legacy

*7th grade*

Language Arts

** Writing:**

*Types of Writing

*The Writing Process

*Sentences, Paragraphs, and Compositions

*Nonfiction Narration

*Fiction Narration

*Exposition: Compare-and-Contrast Essay

*Response to Literature

*Research Paper

**Grammar:**

*Nouns and Pronouns

* Verbs

*Adjectives and Adverbs

*Prepositions

*Conjunctions and Interjections

*Basic Sentence Parts

*Phrases and Clauses

*Effective Sentences

**Usage**

*Using Verbs

*Using Pronouns

*Making Words Agree

* Using Modifiers

**Mechanics**

*Capitalization

*Punctuation

Vocabulary Workshop by Sadlier

*Expanding vocabulary through print and digital components

*Academic Vocabulary and Reading Comprehension

*Vocabulary Strategies: Roots, Affixes, Parts of Speech, Connotation and Denotation, Figurative Language, and context clues.

*Spelling

*Writing with Vocabulary

Reading

**Introductory Unit: Common Core Workshops**

*Building Vocabulary

*Writing an Objective Summary

*Comprehending Complex Texts

*Theme*Analyzing Arguments

**Unit 1: Fiction and Nonfiction**

*Central Idea

*Author’s Purpose

*Persuasive Essay

*Text Based Proof

**Unit 2: Short Stories**

*Point of View

*Theme

*Make Predictions

*Make Inferences

*Response to Literature

*Delivering an Oral Summary

**Unit 3:Types of Nonfiction**

*Point of View and Purpose

*Development of Ideas

*Word Choice and Tone

*Main Idea

*Fact or Opinion

*Compare and Contrast Essay: Movie vs. Novel

**Unit 4: Poetry (Optional)**

*Figurative and Connotative Language

*Poetic Form and Structure

*Draw Conclusions

*Paraphrase

*Connotation and Denotation

**Unit 5: Drama**

*Conflict

*Character

*Elements of Drama

*Cause and Effect

**Unit 6: Themes in Oral Tradition**

*Structure and Theme

*Compare and Contrast

*Cause and Effect

*Figurative Language

Math

**Pre-Algebra**

Topic 1: Adding and Subtracting Rational Numbers

- Rational numbers, Opposites, and Absolute Value
- Adding & subtracting Rational numbers
- Distance on a number line

Topic 2: Multiplying and Dividing Rational Numbers

- Multiplying & Dividing Rational numbers
- Operations with Rational numbers

Topic 3: Decimals and Percent

- Repeating/terminating decimals
- Percents greater than 100 and less than 1
- Fractions, decimals, and percents

Topic 4: Rational and Irrational Numbers

- Expressing Rational Numbers with decimal expansions
- Irrational numbers
- Comparing and Ordering Rational and irrational numbers

Topic 5: Integer Exponents

- Perfect Squares, square roots, Perfect Cubes, and Cube Roots
- Exponents and multiplication/division
- Comparing expressions with Exponents

Topic 6: Scientific Notation

- Using scientific notation to describe large/small quantities
- Operating with Numbers expressed in Scientific notation

Topic 7: Ratios and rates

- Unit rates/ unit rates with fractions
- Equivalent ratios and ratios with fractions

Topic 8: Proportional Relationships

- Using Graphs/Tables/Equations
- Constant of Proportionality
- Maps and scale drawings

Topic 9: Percents

- The percent equation
- Interest
- Percent increase and decrease

Topic 10: Equivalent expressions

- Expanding/factoring/adding & Subtracting Algebraic Expressions

Topic 11: Equations

- Solving and writing multi-step equations
- Distributive Property

Topic 12: Linear Equations in One Variable

- Solving equations with variables on both sides
- Solutions – one, none, or infinitely many

Topic 13: Inequalities

- Solving inequalities using addition, subtraction, multiplication or division
- Solving multistep inequalities

Topic 14: Proportional relationships, lines, and Linear Equations

- Linear #Equations
- Slope of a line
- Unit rates
- Slope/intercept form

Topic 15: Sampling

- Populations and samples
- Simple random sampling
- Comparing sampling methods

Topic 16: Comparing Two populations

- Multiple populations and inferences
- Using measures of center & variability
- Exploring overlap

Topic 17: Probability concepts

- Likelihood and Probability
- Experimental & Theoretical Probability

Topic 18: Compound Events

- Sample spaces
- Counting outcomes
- Simulations

Topic 19: Angles

- Measuring Angles
- Adjacent, complementary, supplementary, and vertical angles

Topic 20: Circles

- Center, radius, and diameter
- Circumference, area, and relating both

Topic 21: 2 and 3 dimensional Shapes

- Drawing triangles with given conditions
- 2-d slices or right rectangular prisms and pyramids

Topic 22: Surface Area and Volume

- Surface area of right prisms and pyramids
- Volumes of right prisms and pyramids

Topic 23: Congruence

- Translations, reflections, rotations, and congruent figures

Topic 24: Similarity

- Dilation
- Relating similar triangles and slope

Topic 25: Reasoning in Geometry

- Angles, lines, and transversals
- Interior and exterior angles of triangles
- Angle-angle triangle similarity

Science

**Physical Science**

** Chemistry**

Matter

- States of Matter
- Gas Laws

Atoms and Bonding

- Atomic Theories
- Periodic Table
- Ionic/Covalent Bonding

Chemical Reactions

- Physical Changes
- Chemical Changes

Acids and Bases

- pH
- Properties of Acids/Bases

**Physics**

Forces

- Laws of Motion
- Friction
- Momentum
- Free Fall

Energy

- All the forms

Sound

- Waves

Light

- Waves
- Reflection and Mirrors
- Seeing Light

Social Studies

Our Colonial Heritage

- The first Americans
- European Exploration and settlement
- English colonies
- The Great Awakening

Revolution in the Colonies

- The American Revolution
- The Declaration of Independence

Forming a New Nation

- Creating the Constitution
- The Constitution: “a more perfect union”
- The Bill of Rights

Launching the New Republic

- Politics in the Early Republic
- Foreign Affairs in the early 19th century
- Nationhood
- Andrew Jackson and the promotion of democracy

An Expanding Nation

- Manifest Destiny
- Life in the West
- Mexicano contributions to the Southwest

Americans in the Mid-1800s

- An Era of Reform
- North and South
- African Americans in the Mid-1800s

The Union Challenged

- A dividing nation
- The Civil War
- The Reconstruction Era

Migration and Industry

- Tensions in the West
- The rise of industry
- The Great Wave of Immigration

A Modern Nation Emerges

- The Progressive Era
- The USA becomes a world power
- Change since 1914

**8th grade**

Language Arts

**Writing:**

*Types of Writing

*The Writing Process

*Sentences, Paragraphs, and Compositions

*Nonfiction Narration

*Fiction Narration

*Exposition: Compare-and-Contrast Essay

*Response to Literature

*Research Paper

**Grammar:**

*Nouns and Pronouns

* Verbs

*Adjectives and Adverbs

*Prepositions

*Conjunctions and Interjections

*Basic Sentence Parts

*Phrases and Clauses

*Effective Sentences

**Usage**

*Using Verbs

*Using Pronouns

*Making Words Agree

* Using Modifiers

**Mechanics**

*Capitalization

*Punctuation

Vocabulary Workshop by Sadlier

*Expanding vocabulary through print and digital components

*Academic Vocabulary and Reading Comprehension

*Vocabulary Strategies: Roots, Affixes, Parts of Speech, Connotation and Denotation, Figurative Language, and context clues.

*Spelling

*Writing with Vocabulary

Reading

**Introductory Unit: Common Core Student Workshops**

*Building Vocabulary

*Writing an Objective Summary

*Comprehending Complex Texts

*Theme*Analyzing Arguments

**Unit 1: Fiction and Nonfiction**

*Theme

*Central Idea

*Make Predictions

*Author’s Purpose

*Persuasive Essay

*Effective Listening and Note Taking

Unit 2: Short Stories

***Character and Plot**

*Theme

*Compare and Contrast

*Make Inferences

*Critical Review

**Unit 3: Types of Nonfiction**

*Point of View and Purpose

*Organizational Structure

*Word Choice and Tone

*Fact and Opinion

*Main Idea

**Unit 4: Poetry**

*Figurative and Connotative Language

*Poetic Form and Structure

*Draw Conclusions

*Paraphrase

*Connotation and Denotation

**Unit 5: Drama**

*Figurative and Connotative Language

*Poetic Form and Structure

*Draw Conclusions

*Paraphrase

*Connotation and Denotation

**Unit 6: Themes in American Stories**

*Social and Cultural Context

*Theme

*Summarize Using Multimedia

Math

** Algebra**

Chapter 1: Foundations for Algebra

- Variables and Expressions
- Order of Operations and Evaluating expressions
- The distributive property
- Patterns, equations, and graphs

Chapter 2: Solving Equations

- Solving multi-step equations
- Ratios, Rates, and Conversions
- Solving Proportions & Percents

Chapter 3: Solving Inequalities

- Inequalities and their graphs
- Solving Multi-step inequalities
- Compound Inequalities
- Unions and Intersections of Sets

Chapter 4: An Introduction to Functions

- Using Graphs to Relate two quantities
- Patterns and Linear/nonlinear Functions
- Graphing/writing a function Rule

Chapter 5: Linear Functions

- Rate of Change and Slope
- Direct Variation
- Slope-intercept form
- Standard form

Chapter 6: Systems of Equations and Inequalities

- Solving systems with Graphing/substitution/elimination
- Linear Inequalities
- Systems of Linear Inequalities

Chapter 7: Exponents and Exponential functions

- Zero and Negative Exponents
- Multiplying/dividing Powers
- Rational exponents and radicals
- Geometric Sequences

Chapter 8: Polynomials and factoring

- Adding and subtracting polynomials
- Factoring polynomials
- Factoring special cases
- Factoring by grouping

Chapter 9: Quadratic Functions and Equations

- Quadratic Graphs and their Properties
- Solving Quadratic equations
- Completing the Square & The quadratic Formula

Chapter 10: Radical Expressions and Equations

- The Pythagorean Theorem
- Graphing square root functions
- Trigonometric Ratios

Chapter 11: Rational Expressions and Functions

- Simplifying/multiplying & dividing Rational Expressions
- Inverse Variation
- Graphing rational functions

Chapter 12: Data Analysis and Probability

- Organizing Data using Matrices
- Samples and Surveys
- Permutations and Combinations
- Probability

Science

**Life Science – Biology**

Cells

- Organelles

Cell Processes and Energy

- Photosynthesis
- Cellular Respiration
- Cell Division – Mitosis

Genetics

- Heredity
- Probability
- Patterns of Inheritance

DNA

- Genetic Code
- Making Proteins
- Mutations
- Human Inheritance

Human Body

- Digestive System
- Respiratory System
- Circulatory System
- Muscular System
- Skeletal System
- Nervous System
- Endocrine System
- Reproductive System
- Skin

Social Studies

Chapter 18: The Worlds of North and South in the 1800’s

How was life in the North different from life in the South?

*Geography

*Economy

*Transportation

*Society

Chapter 19: African Americans in the Mid-1800’s

How did African Americans face slavery and discrimination in the mid-1800’s?

*Slaves

*Free Blacks in the South

*Free Blacks in the North

Chapter 20: A Divided Nation

Which events of the mid -1800’s kept the nation together and which events pulled it apart?

* The United States, Mid-1850: Free and Slave States (Mapping)

* The Northwest Ordinance

* The Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850

* The Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Wilmot Proviso

* The Dred Scott decision

* The Lincoln-Douglas debates

Chapter 21: The Civil War

What factors and events influenced the outcome of the Civil War?

* The Confederacy

* Civil War

* Emancipation Proclamation

* The Anaconda Plan

* Gettysburg Address

* Appomattox Court House

Chapter 22: The Reconstruction Era

To what extent did Reconstruction bring African Americans closer to full citizenship?

* Reconstruction

* Thirteenth Amendment

* Freedmen’s Bureau

* Black Codes

* Fourteenth Amendment

* Fifteenth Amendment

* Jim Crow Laws

Chapter 23: Migration and Industry

How did settlers change the West and affect Native Americans?

* Major Railroads in the United States, 1870 (Mapping)

* Reservations

* Homesteaders

* Transcontinental Railroad

Chapter 24: The Rise of Industry

Did the benefits of industrialization outweigh the costs?

* Entrepreneurs

* Laissez-Faire

* Mass Production

* Corporations and Trusts

* Monopolies

* Urbanization

* Labor Unions

Chapter 25: The Great Wave of Immigration

What was life like for immigrants in the early 1900’s?

* Refugees

* Assimilation

* Nativism

* Quotas

Chapter 26: The Progressive Era

Did the progressives improve life in the United States?

* U.S. Territorial Expansion, 1867-1903 (Mapping)

* The Progressive Movement

* National Grange

* Populist Party

* Conservation

* Suffrage

* The Sixteenth Amendment through the Nineteenth Amendment

* Prohibition

* Civil Service

Chapter 27: The United States Becomes a World Power

Should U.S. actions in world affairs around the turn of the century be praised or condemned?

*Expansionism

* Imperialism

* Nationalism

* Militarism

* Roosevelt Corollary

* Yellow Journalism and Propaganda

* World War I

Chapter 28: The Roaring Twenties and the Great Depression

What trends, events, and people shaped the 1920’s and 1930’s?

*Consumer Goods and Credit

* Great Migration

* Harlem Renaissance

* Red Scare

* Depression

* The New Deal

* Ku Klux Klan

Chapter 29: World War II

How did World War II change the United States?

*The Cold War (Mapping)

* Fascism

* Totalitarianism

* Anti-Semitism

* Holocaust

* Internment Camps

* Atomic Bomb

* War Crimes

* D-Day

* Inflation and Bonds

Chapter 30: The Cold War

How did rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union shape the world in the years after World War II?

*United Nations

* Capitalism

* Communism

* Containment

* Marshall Plan

* Blacklist

*Arms Race

* Proxy War: Korea, Cuban Missile Crisis, and Vietnam

* NATO

Chapter 31: The Civil Rights Movement

How did civil rights activists improve life for African Americans?

* Brown v. Board of Education

* Nonviolent Resistance

* Integration

* Black Power

* Dr. Martin Luther King

* Malcolm X

* Marches and Boycotts

Chapter 32: Contemporary American Society

What changes since the 1950’s have shaped how we live today?

* The Great Society

* Counterculture

* Environmentalist

* OPEC

* Globalization

* The “War on Drugs”

* AIDS

* Global Warming

* Internet

* Terrorism

* Modern Presidents and the Challenges of the Office